Tripura is primarily an agrarian State, with about 42% of the population depending on agriculture and allied activities. Rice is the major crop in the State. The climate of the State is suitable for a variety of horticultural/ plantation crops, including pineapple, jackfruit, tea, rubber, bamboo etc. The productivity level of food grain and rice in Tripura are 30% and 24% respectively more than all India levels. The yield of potato per hectare of land in Tripura is the highest in the NorthEastern region. The state is also a surplus producer of certified HYV paddy and mustard seeds, it has a seed replacement rate (SRR) of 33% for HYV paddy and 50% for mustard.
The state has established rubber, food and bamboo parks to support existing and potential investors. The State has 5 Industrial Estates, 1 Industrial area, 4 Public Sector Undertakings, and 2 growth centres. Tripura has 84% of its border common with the neighbouring country of Bangladesh. It is also the home for India's third international internet gateway (after Mumbai and Chennai).